A hormonal condition which usually presents with enlarged pores, oiliness, uneven texture, blackheads and whiteheads.
Developments of Acne
- Hormonal fluctuations – triggered by puberty, pregnancy, stress, medications, lifestyle and incorrect use of products leads to an increase of a hormone known as DHT which some people are sensitive to.
- Barrier Impairment – this sensitivity causes a reaction which affects the natural protective barrier of the skin, known as the Acid Mantel.
- Sebaceous glands – in a bid to protect itself the skin begin s to go into overdrive to correct this impairment. Increasing the activity of the sebaceous gland. With high levels of oil production sebum develops a thicker consistency.
- Skin cells – additionally the natural cell turnover starts to accelerate which leads an abnormal build-up of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin due to reduced shedding. Which mixed with the excess oil, causes blockages in the pores. Hair follicle - Hair is absent or weak therefore unable to act as a wick to assist in the removal of the blockage.
- Bacteria – P –Acne (known as Propionibacterium acnes) lives on everyone’s skin, usually causing no problems. However, as a result of the surface blockage, it provides a favourable environment for P-Acne to breed and multiply. Inflammation – now that the follicle has an excess of sebum, dead cells and bacteria causing an irritation within the skin the natural healing process begins. This is the development of the acne characteristics.
There is no permanent cure for acne, but the symptoms and side effects can be controlled so your skin can be clear and spot free by effectively clearing the dead skin, controlling the oil and killing the P. Acnes bacteria.
Cysts - Painful, filled with pus and can cause you scars, and require professional medical treatment.
Whiteheads - Covered by a thin layer of your skin, appear as white bumps or spots.
Blackheads - Rise to your skin surface and appear as a dark bump (this is not due to dirt).
Pustules - May appear white or yellow on top and red at the bottom, generally pus-filled. Popping your pustules can lead to acne scarring.